Pruning is necessary to keep the trees and shrubs vital, to shape them as desired and to stimulate fruit growth. Pruning is preferably done in dry weather and not during severe frost.
Prune fruit trees (Apples, Pears, Plums and Cherries)
Fruit trees need to be pruned to keep the tree vital, grow new branches for fruit and so that all branches are well exposed to sunlight. Prune the branches at 10cm from the trunk so that they can grow some new fruit branches. Never prune the branches with many flower buds, as fruit will grow on them.
Fruit trees can be pruned from late December to March. Cherries and Plum trees preferably a little earlier, just after the fruit is harvested.
- Cut away branches that touch each other
- Prune away most of the branches that grow straight up (leave 3 or 4), because there will be few fruits on them
- Cut away any lateral branches, preferably branches that have had fruit for several years
Summer pruning (Apples and Pears)
In June you can possibly prune the fast-growing trees (apple and pear trees) again. Then prune branches that grow straight up or branches that block fruit-growing branches.
Prune exotic fruit trees (Peach, Nectarine)
Although Peach and Nectarine trees are self-pollinating trees, besides pruning for fruit growth it is useful to manually pollinate them with a brush.
- Prune branches that lie on top of each other (pruning with exotic fruit trees is mainly intended to inhibit growth and stimulate fruit growth)
- Cut away branches that have already grown fruit, to make room for new branches. (Note: With new fruit trees, new branches produce fruit only after a few years)
Prune nut and fig trees
- The fig can best be pruned from November to February (during the summer branches that are blocking can also be pruned)
- Cut away the old and infertile branches so that the young, fruit-growing branches get more light and energy for the fruit growth
- If necessary, cut up the upward growing branches to inhibit growth
- Nut trees can best be pruned immediately after they have lost their leaves
- Only cut dead branches and possibly other branches to form the tree
Prune berry and raspberry bushes
Berries and raspberry shrubs are best pruned after harvest until early winter:
Pink & blue berries
- Prune the branches after they have had fruit for 2 or 3 years. In the first years they give the best fruits
- Also cut off the branches that run on the ground
- In summer, possibly cut the tops of fast-growing branches to stimulate the growth of side branches
- Cut away the damaged or diseased branches to prevent spreading
- Remove any branches that block light for smaller branches
- Prune the fruit branches that hang low on the ground and the weakly growing branches